Feb. 24-Mar. in 1953, characterized by camp humour and sharp wit. Wagner: Der Ring des Nibelungen. Pagination consists of four main series, one for each of the works in the cycle; division titles on p.1 of each series; list of characters on p. 3 of each series. Aug. 5-19, 2017 at McCaw Hall. Hear the voice of Seattle Opera’s resident tenor in the ’70s! Buy 7 DVD Videos online. The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opened in 1876 with the first complete performance of the Ring, which took place from 13 to 17 August. Siegfrieds Tod dealt with the death of Siegfried, the central heroic figure of the Nibelungenlied. This became known as the leitmotif technique (see below), although Wagner himself did not use this word.[9]. Lepage's "Machine", as it affectionately became known, underwent major reconfiguration for the revival in order to dampen the creaking that it had produced in the past (to the annoyance of audience members and critics) and to improve its reliability, as it had been known to break down during earlier runs including on the opening night of Reingold. The Ring has been the subject of myriad interpretations. However, Wagner intended them to be performed in series. 1991 Ring Program. Three-minute complilation of footage from the final dress rehearsal of 2009’s DAS RHEINGOLD. Later that year he began writing a libretto entitled Siegfrieds Tod ("Siegfried's Death"). Opera stage director Anthony Freud stated that Der Ring des Nibelungen "marks the high-water mark of our art form, the most massive challenge any opera company can undertake."[2]. Wagner called Das Rheingold a Vorabend or "Preliminary Evening", and Die Walküre, Siegfried and Götterdämmerung were subtitled First Day, Second Day and Third Day, respectively, of the trilogy proper. If such a bell is not to be used, then a contrabassoon should be employed. The project received international recognition. The drama and intrigue continue through three generations of protagonists, until the final cataclysm at the end of Götterdämmerung. [38], An adaptation of Wagner's storyline was published as a graphic novel in 2018 by P. Craig Russell. Götterdämmerung (German for the Twilight of the Gods), is the last in Richard Wagner's cycle of four music dramas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung, or The Ring for short). Wagner even commissioned the production of new instruments, including the Wagner tuba, invented to fill a gap he found between the tone qualities of the horn and the trombone, as well as variations of existing instruments, such as the bass trumpet and a contrabass trombone with a double slide. Hagen admits the crime ("Ja denn! The first Ring performed complete within a week in the U.S. in a generation. By 1980, Seattle’s Ring was a well-known west coast cultural phenomenon. The cycle is a work of extraordinary scale. Our first RING in McCaw Hall–and Greer Grimsley’s first Wotan. Bubbles, falling stones and fire were projected on to these surfaces, linked by computer with the music and movement of the characters. Wagner also decided to show onstage the events of Das Rheingold and Die Walküre, which had hitherto only been presented as back-narration in the other two parts. Die Walküre requires one snare drum, tam-tam, and an on-stage steerhorn. Trends set at Bayreuth have continued to be influential. Wlaschiha's Alberich is far from disappointing, not as good as the DVD from the Met, but not chopped liver either. While Fritz Hubner is a little woolly as Fafner, he is excellent as Hagen, though for a truly evil incarnate performance of Hagen I personally would go for Matti … Das Rheingold requires one bass drum, one tam-tam, one onstage harp and 18 onstage anvils. Robert Donington in Wagner's Ring And Its Symbols interprets it in terms of Jungian psychology, as an account of the development of unconscious archetypes in the mind, leading towards individuation. In his earlier operas (up to and including Lohengrin) Wagner's style had been based, rather than on the Italian style of opera, on the German style as developed by Carl Maria von Weber, with elements of the grand opera style of Giacomo Meyerbeer. According to the Thidreks saga, Hagen … Listen to excerpts from Seattle Opera’s English-language RINGS! The story begins in Das Rheingold , as the gods face a crisis that threatens to imperil the entire social order. Performers' names not given. [37], Produced by the Ridiculous Theatrical Company, Charles Ludlam's 1977 play Der Ring Gott Farblonjet was a spoof of Wagner's operas. Los Angeles Opera presented its first Ring cycle in 2010 directed by Achim Freyer. Wagner referred to them in "Opera and Drama" as "guides-to-feeling", describing how they could be used to inform the listener of a musical or dramatic subtext to the action onstage in the same way as a Greek chorus did for the theatre of ancient Greece. The two men fight about the ring, and Hagen fells his half-brother. It follows the struggles of gods, heroes, and several mythical creatures over the eponymous magic ring that grants domination over the entire world. The stage director was Gerd Heinz, and Frank Beermann conducted the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie, playing at the back of the stage. U.S. RISM Libretto Project. He wrote for a very large orchestra, using the whole range of instruments used singly or in combination to express the great range of emotion and events of the drama. This is his first public announcement of the form of what would become the Ring cycle. Glynn Ross begins introducing his favorite opera tetralogy to Seattle. The Metropolitan Opera began a new Ring cycle directed by French-Canadian theater director Robert Lepage in 2010. The claim to fame for the Seattle Ring is that it has a traditional staging of this work (the last by a major opera … This new operatic adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Much Ado about Nothing” features the Bard’s own text – in English – set to Berlioz’s beautiful music. However, Wagner relaxed some aspects of his self-imposed restrictions somewhat as the work progressed. Asher Fisch Conducts Siegfried’s Funeral March, Two Languages in the ’76 WALKÜRE Death-Announcement Scene, The Road to Valhalla Part 5: Orchestra & Chorus, The Road to Valhalla Part 4: Special Effects, The Road to Valhalla Part 3: Sets and Props, 2009 The Road to Valhalla Part 2 – Costumes, RING in English: Paul Crook as Mime and Raimund Herincx as Wotan, RING in English: Archie Drake as Gunther and James McCray as Siegfried, 2000/01 Das Rheingold, Die Walküre Program, Artist of the Year: GREER GRIMSLEY as Wotan, 2009 RING – Road to Valhalla Part I: Rehearsals and Artists. [34][35], Orchestral versions of the Ring cycle, summarizing the work in a single movement of an hour or so, have been made by Leopold Stokowski, Lorin Maazel (Der Ring ohne Worte) (1988) and Henk de Vlieger (The Ring: an Orchestral Adventure), (1991). A new Brünnhilde headlined our second complete cycle. [13], The first production of the Ring in Italy was in Venice (the place where Wagner died), just two months after his 1883 death, at La Fenice.[14]. Hagen persuades the reluctant Gunther to assist in murdering Siegfried—and thereby seize the Ring—during a hunt the next day. Hear the bass who was with us from before the beginning. He also developed the "Wagner bell", enabling the bassoon to reach the low A-natural, whereas normally B-flat is the instrument's lowest note. Explore the 1972/73 Die Walküre Program! For example, in a key scene in Die Walküre, it is Sieglinde and not Siegmund who manages to pull the sword Nothung out of a tree. The first performance as a cycle opened the first Bayreuth Festival in 1876, beginning with Das Rheingold on 13 August and ending with Götterdämmerung on 17 August. [19], In 2003 the first production of the cycle in Russia in modern times was conducted by Valery Gergiev at the Mariinsky Opera, Saint Petersburg, designed by George Tsypin. At the end of the cycle, Brünnhilde does not die, but instead gives birth to Siegfried's child. This version of the character appears in Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen (in this version, Hagen drowns trying to steal the Rhinegold). This 2013 remastering on 12 CDs is a major improvement over three previous CD releases, all of which were on 14 CDs: 1990: Wagner: Der Ring des Nibelungen, WWV 86a-d (1966- 1967) (photo 1) 2006: Der Ring Des Nibelungen (photo 2) 2010: Wagner: Der Ring des Nibelungen (photo 3) The only drawback to the new 12 … For his first "Ring" direction in Bayreuth, Wolfgang Wagners engaged numerous new voices in addition to established forces (Astrid Varnay, Hermann Uhde): Birgit Nilsson (Brunnhilde), Jerome Hines (Wotan), Hans Hopf (Siegfried), Gottlob Frick (Hagen) or Otakar Kraus (Alberich). The music of the cycle is thick and richly textured, and grows in complexity as the cycle proceeds. The Ring is a major undertaking for any opera company: staging four interlinked operas requires a huge commitment both artistically and financially; hence, in most opera houses, production of a new Ring cycle will happen over a number of years, with one or two operas in the cycle being added each year. [16] Set in the industrial revolution, it replaced the depths of the Rhine with a hydroelectric power dam and featured grimy sets populated by men and gods in 19th and 20th century business suits. Listen to the voice of Seattle’s reigning king of the gods. This production is as fresh today as it was at the time of the recording nearly thirty years ago. The act closes with a wedding procession for the two couples: Siegfried and Gutrune and Gunther and Brünnhilde. Wagner’s mighty epic performed for–and by!–kids all over Washington State. Henry Holt conducted all performances. He had the blackest vocal timbre and brought to his roles a great malevolence that is seldom heard today unfortunately. [21], San Francisco Opera and Washington National Opera began a co-production of a new cycle in 2006 directed by Francesca Zambello. Thus, Das Rheingold premiered on 22 September 1869, and Die Walküre on 26 June 1870. The Nibelung of the title is the dwarf Alberich, and the ring in question is the one he fashions from the Rhine Gold. This preview of our third RING production featured the first two operas in the cycle, presented in full one year later. Götterdämmerung (German: [ˈɡœtɐˌdɛməʁʊŋ] ; Twilight of the Gods), WWV 86D, is the last in Richard Wagner's cycle of four music dramas titled Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung, or The Ring for short). In October, he completed the final work in the cycle. A Note on the Characters It is important to note that each of the important characters had possession of the ring at one time, and each refused to return it to its rightful owners. Directed by Stephen Wadsworth, set designer Thomas Lynch, costume designer Martin Pakledinaz, lighting designer Peter Kaczorowski; Armin Jordan conducted in 2000, Franz Vote in 2001, and Robert Spano in 2005 and 2009. On King Ludwig's insistence, and over Wagner's objections, "special previews" of Das Rheingold and Die Walküre were given at the National Theatre in Munich, before the rest of the Ring. [17][18], Seattle Opera has created three different productions of the tetralogy: Ring 1, 1975 to 1984: Originally directed by George London, with designs by John Naccarato following the famous illustrations by Arthur Rackham. [26][27][28], Opera Australia presented the Ring cycle at the State Theatre in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2013, directed by Neil Armfield and conducted by Pietari Inkinen. The idea had occurred to others – the correspondence of Fanny and Felix Mendelssohn in 1840/41 reveals that they were both outlining scenarios on the subject: Fanny wrote 'The hunt with Siegfried's death provides a splendid finale to the second act'.[12]. Premiering with Das Rheingold on opening night of the 2010/2011 Season conducted by James Levine with Bryn Terfel as Wotan. Salminen's Hagen is a good as ever, with a larger than life portrayal of pure evil. In German tradition, Hagen is especially grim, implacable, and violent and in two accounts one-eyed. They musically denote an action, object, emotion, character, or other subject mentioned in the text or presented onstage. [33], In a different approach, Der Ring in Minden staged the cycle on the small stage of the Stadttheater Minden, beginning in 2015 with Das Rheingold, followed by the other parts in the succeeding years, and culminating with the complete cycle performed twice in 2019. The central conflict "Nibelungen" is occasionally mistaken as a plural, but the Ring of the Nibelungs (in German Der Ring der Nibelungen) is incorrect. The production drew parallels with Ossetian mythology. Part one of our series previewing 2009 RING Cycle focused on the artists involved and their rehearsal process. Wagner unfortunately found that his audiences were not willing to follow where he led them: The public, by their enthusiastic reception of Rienzi and their cooler welcome of the Flying Dutchman, had plainly shown me what I must set before them if I sought to please. [36], English-Canadian comedian and singer Anna Russell recorded a twenty-two-minute version of the Ring for her album Anna Russell Sings! Hear the voice of Noel Tyl, one of our first Wotans. Recent performances of this production took place at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington D.C. in April/May 2016, featuring Catherine Foster and Nina Stemme as Brünnhilde, Daniel Brenna as Siegfried, and Alan Held as Wotan.[22]. "[29] The production was presented again in Melbourne from 21 November to 16 December 2016 starring Lise Lindstrom, Stefan Vinke, Amber Wagner and Jacqueline Dark. The cycle is modelled after ancient Greek dramas that were presented as three tragedies and one satyr play. Hear the SIEGFRIED Riddle Scene–in English! Watch clips from our imaginative second production of Wagner’s Ring. He returned to Siegfried, and, remarkably, was able to pick up where he left off. Before many bars have been played, Siegfried and the wakened Brynhild, newly become tenor and soprano, will sing a concerted cadenza; plunge on from that to a magnificent love duet...The work which follows, entitled Night Falls on the Gods [Shaw's translation of Götterdämmerung], is a thorough grand opera.[11]. [24] The production featured a raked stage, flying props, screen projections and special effects. Siegfried requires one onstage cor anglais and one onstage horn. Composition proceeded until 1857, when the final score up to the end of act 2 of Siegfried was completed. Explore the 1987 Ring Program! The composer termed the cycle a "Bühnenfestspiel" (stage festival play), structured in three days preceded by a Vorabend ("preliminary evening"). Quarreling over the Ring, Gunther is killed by Hagen, who falls back in fear when the dead Siegfried raises his hand. All in all, a rather mediocre release that you should have no qualms passing over. ... works of the Der Ring des Nibelungen, the final opera of Wagner’s cycle is also a complete and monumental theatrical journey of its own. Explore the 2000/01 Das Rheingold, Die Walküre Program! In 1871, he decided on a location in the Bavarian town of Bayreuth. [20], The Royal Danish Opera performed a complete Ring cycle in May 2006 in its new waterfront home, the Copenhagen Opera House. Unlike the verses, which were written as it were in reverse order, the music would be composed in the same order as the narrative. Explore the 1985/86 Die Walküre Program! Classical Voice America heralded the production as "one of the best Rings anywhere in a long time. As Hagen reaches for the ring, the dead Siegfried threateningly raises his arm. Likewise with the performances, especially Donald McIntyre, Gwyneth Jones and particularly Heinz Zednik. Again? James Morris (Wotan/Der Wanderer), Hildegard Behrens (Brünnhilde), Siegfried Jerusalem (Loge/Siegfried), Ekkehard Wlaschiha (Alberich), Christa Ludwig (Fricka/Waltraute), Gary Lakes (Siegmund), Jessye Norman (Sieglinde), Kurt Moll (Hunding), Matti Salminen (Fafner/Hagen… The first complete presentation of the imaginative Rochaix/Israel Ring 2. [39], For a detailed examination of Wagner's sources for the, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Der Ring des Nibelungen: composition of the text, Der Ring des Nibelungen: composition of the music, List of Bayreuth Festival productions of Der Ring des Nibelungen, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, "An epic beginning for Lyric's new Wagner 'Ring' cycle", "Wagner in Russia: Ringing in the century", "From Beyond the Stave: The Lion roars for Wagner", "Productions – Wieland Wagner, New Bayreuth", "Patrice Chéreau, Opera, Stage and Film Director, Dies at 68", "Patrice Chéreau and the bringing of dramatic conviction to the opera house", "Mariinsky Theatre brings Ring Cycle to Covent Garden in Summer 2009", "Wagner star and director clash in US costume drama", "55th Annual Grammy Awards Nominees: Classical", "Everything You Need to Know About the Met Opera's 2018-19 Revival of Wagner's Ring Cycle – Opera Wire", "The Met Opera Revives Robert LePage's Hi-Tech Staging of Wagner's Ring Cycle", "Bedeviled Ring Seemed Doomed, Then Curtain Rose", "Opera Review: Abridged staging of classic Wagner cycle rings true – Pittsburgh Post-Gazette", "Der Kleine muss Ideen haben / Zeitreise durch vier Epochen: Richard Wagners "Ring" in Minden", "Minden / Stadttheater: Der Ring des Nibelungen – jetzt das gesamte Bühnenfestspiel", http://www.schott-music.com/news/archive/show,6714.html, The Ring of Truth: The Wisdom of Wagner's Ring of the Nibelung, Bayreuth: A History of the Wagner Festival, Das Judenthum in der Musik (Jewishness in Music), International Association of Wagner Societies, List of films using the music of Richard Wagner, Das Nibelungenlied: Ein Heldenepos in 39 Abenteuern, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Der_Ring_des_Nibelungen&oldid=1001486397, United States National Recording Registry recordings, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 22:17. What would a Wagner related awards ceremony be without a significant prelude? Mar 16, 2016 - Hagen or Högni is a Burgundian warrior in tales about the Burgundian kingdom at Worms. The first and shortest work, Das Rheingold, has no interval and is one continuous piece of music typically lasting around two and a half hours, while the final and longest, Götterdämmerung, takes up to five hours, excluding intervals. Puccini’s beloved classic tells the story of a whirlwind affair (and tragic aftermath) between a reckless American naval officer and a trusting Japanese maiden. Explore the 1986 Ring Program! One of our favorite baritones sings Alberich’s curse. A new Siegfried added to the excitement of Seattle Opera’s most ambitious summer program yet. The festival was directed by Wolfgang Wagner and the production was created by the French … At the end of the opera, Alberich along with the three Rhine maidens are the only key characters in Der Ring des Nibelungen that remain alive. "Druck von F.A. The Old Norse Edda supplied much of the material for Das Rheingold, while Die Walküre was largely based on the Völsunga saga. Early productions of the Ring cycle stayed close to Wagner's original Bayreuth staging. Finally, the Valkyrie Brünnhilde – Siegfried's lover and Wotan's daughter who lost her immortality for defying her father in an attempt to save Siegfried's father Sigmund – returns the ring to the Rhine maidens as she commits suicide on Siegfried's funeral pyre. The theatre has a special stage that blends the huge orchestra with the singers' voices, allowing them to sing at a natural volume. The subsequent HD recordings in 2013 won the Met's orchestra and chorus the Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording for their performance. Simon Estes was a strong Hagen, and Ute Vinzing joined our Ring for the first time as Brünnhilde. This version of the Ring tells the story from the viewpoint of Brünnhilde and has a distinct feminist angle. [4] Perhaps the most outstanding facet of the monumental work is its sheer length: a full performance of the cycle takes place over four nights at the opera, with a total playing time of about 15 hours, depending on the conductor's pacing. – The feeling of utter loneliness in which I now found myself, quite unmanned me... My Tannhäuser had appealed to a handful of intimate friends alone.[7]. Much of the Ring, especially from Siegfried act 3 onwards, cannot be said to be in traditional, clearly defined keys for long stretches, but rather in 'key regions', each of which flows smoothly into the following. Hear the voice of Seattle’s original Ur-Mutter. The great Viennese soprano’s only Seattle appearance! The title therefore denotes "Alberich's Ring". Hagen, the first chapter in the Theater an der Wien's reimagining of The Ring, features music from Das Rhinegold and Götterdämmerung woven seamlessly together, telling the story from the perspective of Hagen… Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), WWV 86, is a cycle of four German-language epic music dramas composed by Richard Wagner. By 1869, Wagner was living at Tribschen on Lake Lucerne, sponsored by King Ludwig II of Bavaria. This year will see the first of what will be an annual "Wagnerian Readers Awards" (affectionately - and henceforth known - as the Erdas - the reasons for which shall become apparent later in the month) but first, we asked readers to chose the "greatest" recorded Ring … I shall never write an Opera more. Wagner had long desired to have a special festival opera house, designed by himself, for the performance of the Ring. 1986 Ring Program. In the completed work the gods are destroyed in accordance with the new pessimistic thrust of the cycle, not redeemed as in the more optimistic originally planned ending. Early performances were booed but the audience of 1980 gave it a 45-minute ovation in its final year. Leonie Rysanek’s unforgettable Seattle appearance! Wagner's title is most literally rendered in English as The Ring of the Nibelung. The four parts that constitute the Ring cycle are, in sequence: Individual works of the sequence are often performed separately,[1] and indeed the operas contain dialogues that mention events in the previous operas, so that a viewer could watch any of them without having watched the previous parts and still understand the plot. The Wagner scholar Curt von Westernhagen identified three important problems discussed in "Opera and Drama" which were particularly relevant to the Ring cycle: the problem of unifying verse stress with melody; the disjunctions caused by formal arias in dramatic structure, and the way in which opera music could be organised on a different basis of organic growth and modulation; and the function of musical motifs in linking elements of the plot whose connections might otherwise be inexplicit. These changes resulted in some discrepancies in the cycle, but these do not diminish the value of the work.